The Concept of Biophilic Design
According to Edward O. Wilson, an American biologist, naturalist, and writer, Biophilia "is the innately emotional affiliation of human beings to other living organisms." Thus, biophilia is an instinctive and inherent bond that exists between humans and nature. By affiliating with nature, individuals are positively impacted, and as a result of increased psychological well-being in presence of nature, it is evident that human emotions and feelings are shaped by our environment.
Biophilic design is a creative and transformative design theory in which nature is merged with architecture to transform urban spaces and the built environment. This concept creates enchanted gardens and plant-filled spaces with the positive goal of harmonizing architecture, nature and humanity. Biophilic Design results in a positive interaction and connection of humans and nature, enhancing public spaces and working spaces. By bringing the outdoor, natural world in the built environment, humans experience positive economic, psychological, and physiological benefits.